Abstracts & Papers in Stream 4

After the Financial Crisis in 1997, the government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region introduced a series of welfare-to-work programs with an intent to reduce increasing welfare rolls and move people back to work. After some trial projects, the government launched the enhanced Community Work Experience and Training Programme in 2005-06 which combines work requirements with training. This program radically departs from the traditional "Community Work Programme" where training component is absent. Despite the abundance of normative theories and discourses revolving around promoting welfare recipients' self-reliance, rigorous empirical examinations of concrete measures such as the Community Work Experience and Training Programmes are rare in East Asia. With the aid of a longitudinal survey of ECW and CW participants, this presentation looks at the comparative strengths and weaknesses of these programs. We found that the ECW has some benefits to offer compared with traditional welfare-to-work programme such as CW. The research is intended to contribute succinctly to the literature concerning the separate evaluations of community service work experience programs and job training. Furthermore, we believe research in this area will shed light on imminent welfare reform issues not only in Hong Kong, but also in neighboring regions, such as Singapore and Taiwan.

Housing Reconstruction in Mountain Village: China-Japan Joint Research Project For China WenChuan earthquake Social Reconstruction

After 66 days of 5.12 WenChuan earthquake, in Beijing, it was confirmed to call out the round-table conference and to learn each other about Reconstruction from the earthquakes. The necessity of an interdisciplinary (Urban Planning, Housing and Social Work) joint research was pointed out. In August China-Japan Joint Research team by Nanjing University, Japan College of Social Work made preliminary fieldwork in Urban districts, Plains and Mountainous of Rural districts of Quake hit-areas. Specialists of Urban-Rural planning, Architecture, Housing security, and Social Work compose a team. In this paper we will report about housing reconstruction of rural area,

Plains area MianZhu-Z Zhen and Mountainous area BeiChuan-Q.Zhen,based on the preliminary fieldwork. Damage of general condition: Many of farmers were lost their Housing ,the residence places and the main properties. The farmland was considerably maintained. However, the factory shop was destroyed and the strike for the farmer with a side business. The government has expanded financial support, the price regulation, and the materials supply. However, the construction fund, materials and construction worker's lack, and sudden rises have occurred. A lot of farmers will go to work away from home in the city for the housing fund.

This study analyzed on the process to enact 'multi-cultural family support Act' which had been passed by the National Assembly of the Republic of Korea from a gender-sensitive perspective, especially focusing on the standpoint of married female immigrants. By that analysis, this article examined how the discourse on married female immigrants was being formed in Korea, and how much the feminist critiques policy for female immigrants are accepted in policy making process. The analysis utilized materials of the National Assembly such as conference record of enacting process, examination review report, materials for a public hearing and in-depth interview with a drafter of the Act. As a result of that analysis, the Act was enacted following an idea that married female immigrants shall understand and obey the Korean culture instead of an idea that encourage people to admit cultural variety and Korea shall intend to be multi-cultural society. In addition to this, the Act put priority on the protection and support for the role of housewife in the family, and by that, it enforced the patriarchal ideology. Furthermore, in the Act, there was no solution for the problems such as marriage process managed by the brokerage business, inaccurate information and exploitation and violence against women which are fundamental causes for the difficulty of married female immigrants in Korea. To overcome these limitations and for the Korean society's development toward authentic 'multi-cultural society', efforts to recognize married female immigrants as an independent society member and to adopt their cultural variety, and policy to solve the problems cased in the marriage process managed by the brokerage business are necessary.

Full paper download: Kim S_multi-cultural family support act.pdf